Common Food Allergens in Children

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If your child is diagnosed with a new food allergy, it’s important to know the many names the allergen goes by. While a person can be allergic to many foods, there are 8 main foods that account for over 90% of all food allergies. Here’s a guide to help you understand common food allergies more.


Ingredients to Avoid


Milk products: any type of milk, cheese, yogurt, cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, cream cheese, ghee, nougat, custard, paneer, chocolate

Milk derivatives: casein, whey, curds, lactoalbumin, lactoferrin, lactoglobulin, lactose, rennet, diacetyl


Egg Proteins: albumin, vitellin, globulin, livetin, lysozyme, ingredients starting with “ovo” or “ova” such as ovoglobulin, ovovitellin etc. (“ovo” means egg),

Egg Products: eggnog, mayonnaise, meringue, pasta, baked goods, marshmallows, marzipan, ice cream, meatloaf or meatballs, simplesse.

Lecithin, nougat, and many fat-replacers may contain egg. Check with the manufacturer to be sure.


Any type of peanut product, arachis oil (peanut oil), artificial nuts, cold-pressed, expeller-pressed, or extruded peanut oil, earth nuts, ground nuts, hydrolyzed peanut protein, goobers, hypogaeic acid, mandenolas, lupine, lupines albus, artificial flavoring, candy, crumb toppings.  Products with sunflower seeds and soy nut butters are often produced in facilities that process nuts.  Be sure to check with manufacturer before consuming.


Soy products: Any ingredient with the word soy, soy lecithin, edamame, kinnoko flour, kyodufo, miso, natto, okara, shoyu sauce, soya, supro, tamari, tempeh, teriyaki sauce, textured vegetable protein (TVP), tofu, yakidofu, and yuba. Also watch for cold-pressed, expeller-pressed, or extruded soybean oils. Highly-refined varieties are probably okay. Asian food items are high risk for cross-contamination.


Wheat ingredients: bran, cereal extract, germ, gluten, malt, vital gluten, and anything with the word wheat in it.

Wheat products: wheat-based flours, bread crumbs, bulgur, durum flour, farina, fu, matzo, pasta, seitan, tabblouleh, einkorn, emmer, kamut, semolina, spelt, triticale, triticum.

Now it’s time to search through your house for hidden food allergies.

  1. Choose 3 of your favorite packaged foods you keep in stock.
  2.  Find your allergen on this chart, then look at the ingredients that usually contain that allergen.
  3. Then look at the ingredients list of your 3 favorite foods. Do any of them have the words listed?

Now that you know how to search for the names of your food allergens, make this a habit to make sure you avoid foods with your allergen! Keep your “Foods to Avoid” list in your kitchen table, purse and child’s backpack so that you know which foods to keep an eye out for!


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